Introduction to cybersecurity

Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting systems, networks, and programs from digital attacks. These cyberattacks are usually aimed at accessing, changing, or destroying sensitive information; extorting money from users; or interrupting normal business processes.

Implementing cybersecurity measures can be challenging due to several factors:

  • Rapidly evolving threats: Cyber threats are constantly evolving, and attackers continuously develop new techniques.
  • Complexity of technology: Modern IT infrastructures are often complex, with numerous interconnected systems and devices. Implementing cybersecurity measures across these diverse components requires careful planning and coordination.
  • Lack of skilled professionals: There is a shortage of skilled cybersecurity professionals, making it difficult for organizations to find and retain qualified experts to design and manage robust security measures.
  • Cost and budget constraints: Cybersecurity measures require investments in technology, training, and personnel. Smaller organizations may find it challenging to allocate sufficient resources for comprehensive cybersecurity.
  • Balancing security and usability: Sometimes, stringent security measures can impede user experience and productivity. Striking the right balance between security and usability is a constant challenge.
  • Employee awareness and training: Human error is a significant factor in many cyber incidents. Organizations must invest in educating and training employees about cybersecurity best practices to reduce the risk of breaches.
  • Legacy systems and software: Outdated or unsupported systems and software may have vulnerabilities that are challenging to address, leaving organizations exposed to potential attacks.
  • Compliance requirements: Industries often have specific regulatory compliance requirements that organizations must meet, which can add complexity to implementing cybersecurity measures.
  • Third-party risks: Organizations often collaborate with external vendors and partners, introducing potential security risks from third-party systems and practices.
  • Constant monitoring and response: Effective cybersecurity requires continuous monitoring of networks and prompt response to any detected threats or incidents, demanding dedicated resources and expertise.

What is Cybercrime?

Cybercrime refers to criminal activities carried out over the internet or through computer networks, where technology is either the target or the means of the crime. These offenses are committed with the intention of causing harm, stealing sensitive information, or disrupting digital systems. Cybercrime encompasses a wide range of illegal activities, and some common examples include financial or medical identity theft, harm to business or defamation of an individual, and preying on children.

Check Before you Click

Take a second before opening an email or text message. Do you recognize who sent it? Does the email address or phone number look normal? Are there any misspellings? Does anything seem unusual about the message? Don’t open attachments or click on links from sources you do not recognize. If you aren’t sure if the sender is legitimate, do not log in to a service to read a message or access a file. Invitations to view online documents may direct you to a fraudulent website that looks legitimate but is designed to steal your password. This is a common way criminals can break into your systems.